Chemical peel procedures vary based on the patient’s skin condition and specific skin concerns. There are three main types of chemical peels:
(Superficial) Light Peel
This chemical peel uses alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) or glycolic acid in lower concentrations to target the surface layer of the skin and induce gentle exfoliation. It is the most commonly requested chemical peel as it offers near-immediate results and are usually performed as an outpatient procedure for the treatment of minor skin problems such as dryness, minor wrinkling, uneven skin tone, and hyperpigmentation from acne blemishes and scars.
Typically, a medium peel involves the use of lower concentrations of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) in combination with another compound (such as Jessner’s solution or glycolic acid) for the treatment of surface wrinkles, external blemishes, and skin pigmentation issues. It is currently the preferred choice for patients with darker skin.
Since this peel targets the deeper layers of the skin, the patient may experience a stinging sensation on the areas where it was applied. Before applying the solution to the skin, Dr. Sedgh may apply a topical anesthetic to numb the area and lessen the patient’s discomfort.
This type of chemical peel is capable of delivering more dramatic results due to the strength of the solution. It involves the use of phenol acid, which is a more aggressive formulation that has the ability to penetrate even deeper into the skin. As the strongest kind of chemical peel, the procedure usually takes much longer and the patient may need to be sedated as the solution is being applied. It is ideal for sun and age spots, wrinkles, shallow scars, and even pre-cancerous growths.
Depending on your skin condition and the effect of the chemical peel, it may be necessary to undergo additional treatments to achieve more desirable results.